Online Master of Counseling Curriculum

Wake Forest students are known for having extraordinary pass rates on exams and going on to hold meaningful, respected human services positions across the globe. Graduates of the program also have a history of high acceptance rates in reputable doctoral programs. This success can be attributed to the dedicated faculty; the motivated, hardworking students; and the challenging curriculum at Wake Forest.

Online Master of Counseling (60 credit hours)


The MAC program provides knowledge in eight areas: human growth and development, social and cultural foundations, helping relationships, group work, career and lifestyle development, appraisal, research and program evaluation, and professional orientation. The program also offers clinical instruction with practicum and internship experiences.

Clinical Mental Health Counseling Track Foundation Courses (12 credit hours)


CNS 721: Research and Statistical Analysis in Counseling (3 credits)
This course will provide you with an overview of statistics and research in counseling. It will combine reading of the required text, journal articles and other selected publications, lectures, discussion, small group activities and student presentations to help students learn and assimilate the key statistics and research principles necessary to successfully complete the master’s in counseling program and practice as a professional clinical mental health or school counselor.

CNS 740: Professional Orientation to Counseling (3 credits)
This course is an introduction to the profession of counseling. It covers the history of counseling, as well as the roles counselors play in today’s society. It examines counseling associations and specialization areas within counseling. Professional issues such as licensure and certification of counselors are explored, too. Public policy, advocacy and other contemporary factors that impact the present and future of counseling are looked at in context and developmentally.

While the focus of the course is on introducing the counseling profession, we know that some of you are planning on the field of human services. The ties to that field will be less explicit, but you will be able to see the progression of helping services that will readily apply to human services.

CNS 741: Theories and Models of Counseling (3 credits)
Study of theories and approaches to professional counseling: psychoanalytic (Freud, Adler, Jung), person-centered (Rogers), existential (May, Frankl), behavioral (Skinner, Glasser), cognitive/rational (Beck, Ellis), systemic, postmodern. Professional orientation, issues, ethics, cultural pluralism, research, and trends in counseling.

CNS 748: Life Span Development: Implications for Counseling (3 credits)
This course provides an examination of major theories of human development, including those from physical, psychological, cognitive, social and moral perspectives. Development is viewed across the human lifespan in each of these areas. The course is designed to encourage an integrated concept of these theoretical perspectives, which serves as a developmental framework for the counseling process.

Clinical Mental Health Counseling Track Core Courses (18 credit hours)


CNS 737: Basic Counseling Skills and Techniques (3 credits)
The overarching objective of this course is to help you develop the counseling skills necessary to create and maintain therapeutic relationships with clients. To that end, you will be provided opportunities to learn how to utilize effectively the following basic counseling skills: mirroring, non-verbal minimal encouragers, verbal minimal encouragers, invitational skills, open questions, closed questions, reflection of content (also called paraphrasing), reflection of feeling, reflection of meaning and confrontation. As you learn how and when to utilize these skills, you will enhance your ability to develop rapport with clients, listen actively, express empathy and motivate clients to make positive changes.

CNS 739: Advanced Counseling Skills and Crisis Management (3 credits)
This course focuses on expanding the development of your counseling skills (as begun in CNS 737), with a particular emphasis on the knowledge, skills and awareness needed to work effectively with clients who may be in crisis. To better assist your clients in the future, this course will also place a high priority on each student’s ability to develop a greater sense of self-awareness and introspection. As a central element of counseling and specifically crisis intervention is sitting with, holding and tolerating intense emotional experiences, this course will enhance your own ability to experience, and assist others in experiencing, a full range of human emotions.

CNS 742: Group Procedures in Counseling (3 credits)
This course is intended for students admitted to the graduate program in the Department of Counseling. It is designed to develop a basic familiarity with the theories, procedures and techniques used in the four main types of groups defined by the Association for Specialists in Group Work (ASGW): psychoeducational, task/work, counseling, and psychotherapy. It should provide the learner with an understanding of group processes and dynamics from both an experiential and a didactic perspective. Ethical guidelines for group practice will be emphasized, as well as exemplary practices for leading a group. Research on groups and multicultural considerations in groups will also be covered, along with developmental issues across the lifespan that pertain to groups.

CNS 743: Career Development and Counseling (3 credits)
The purpose of this course is to introduce students to career development theories, career counseling processes and techniques, career assessment tools, career development program planning and sources of occupational information. Emphasis is placed on empirically based career development theories, theoretically based counseling interventions, and current issues in the world of work and vocational counseling.

CNS 747: Cultures and Counseling (3 credits)
The course examines the influence of culture in human development and in counseling relationships. The areas of awareness, knowledge and skills in the context of racial, ethnic and cultural diversity will be explored in-depth.

CNS 773: Family Counseling (3 credits)
This is a professional counseling course that surveys the field of marriage, couple and family counseling. By completing this course, students should become knowledgeable about the history, theories and practices of marriage, couple and family counseling. Ethical, legal and other professional issues related to marriage, couple and family counseling (e.g., identification and affiliation) will be covered, too.

Clinical Mental Health Counseling Track Beginning Practice Courses (8 credit hours)


CNS 738b: Clinical Mental Health Counseling Practicum (3 credits)
The Counseling Practicum is a second semester pre-internship experience designed to help students further develop their individual counseling and group work skills under careful supervision. The Practicum includes a minimum of 200 total hours, with at least 165 hours of field experience in a community/mental health or school setting plus at least 35 hours of individual/triadic and group supervision by university faculty.

These hours should include the following activities:

  • A minimum of 50 hours of direct individual client contact, 10 hours of which must be group work
  • A minimum of 7 hours of supervision by the site supervisor.
  • 35 hours of university supervision, which includes:
    • 14 hours of individual or paired supervision by a faculty member
    • 21 hours of group supervision (1 1/2 hours per week) by program faculty with other students

CNS 771: Clinical Mental Health Counseling (3 credits)
The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the foundations of clinical mental health counseling. You will learn about the historical and professional foundations of clinical mental health counseling, the roles and functions of clinical mental health counselors, the settings in which clinical mental health counselors practice and the services that they provide. The course emphasizes the acquisition of knowledge and the development of skills needed by contemporary clinical mental health counselors.

CNS 786: Consultation and Program Development in Counseling (2 credits)
This course will provide you with an overview of consultation and collaboration theory and process. Students will gain a foundation for facilitating change in human systems, as well as consultation with families, schools, colleges and community agencies. This course will utilize reading from the required textbook, journal articles and other selected publications, lectures, discussion and various activities to help students learn and apply the basics of consultation and collaboration to professional practice.

Clinical Mental Health Counseling Track Advanced Practice Courses (22 credit hours)


CNS 736: Appraisal Procedures for Counselors (3 credits)
In this course, we will study the selection, use and interpretation of tests in counseling as an adjunct to clinical impressions. More specifically, our focus will be on the appraisal, assessment and diagnosis of personality, emotional, intellectual and learning characteristics and disorders of clients in schools, colleges and community human service agencies. As part of your studies, you will gain a better understanding of psychometrics, norming practices, cultural considerations and ethical practice as these all relate to appraisal.

CNS 744b: Clinical Mental Health Counseling Internship I (3 credits)
The internship provides students the opportunity to synthesize and utilize the theoretical, empirical, clinical and professional knowledge that you have gained thus far in the program. At your site, you will engage in the practice of clinical mental health counseling. Internship group supervision meetings will be based upon the needs, abilities and concerns of the group members and supervisor. Group and individual supervision are designed to facilitate growth in specific counseling skills, case conceptualization skills, application of counselor job responsibilities, self-awareness and professional identity development. The internship experience is intended to reflect the comprehensive work experience of a professional clinical mental health counselor.

You will complete clinical mental health counseling internship courses that together total a minimum of 600 hours of experience at a clinical mental health counseling site. During these courses, you will participate in weekly supervision at your site, as well as with your university colleagues and supervisor.

CNS 745b: Clinical Mental Health Counseling Internship II (3 credits)
The internship provides students the opportunity to synthesize and utilize the theoretical, empirical, clinical and professional knowledge that you have gained thus far in the program. At your site, you will engage in the practice of clinical mental health counseling. Internship group supervision meetings will be based upon the needs, abilities and concerns of the group members and supervisor. Group and individual supervision are designed to facilitate growth in specific counseling skills, case conceptualization skills, application of counselor job responsibilities, self-awareness and professional identity development. The internship experience is intended to reflect the comprehensive work experience of a professional clinical mental health counselor.

You will complete clinical mental health counseling internship courses that together total a minimum of 600 hours of experience at a clinical mental health counseling site. During these courses, you will participate in weekly supervision at your site, as well as with your university colleagues and supervisor.

CNS 762: Issues in Clinical Mental Health Counseling (3 credits)
This course will examine selected issues related to clinical mental health counseling including but not limited to the following: Preparation Standards related to Clinical Mental Health Counseling, Advocacy, Crisis Intervention, Spirituality in Counseling, Ethical and Legal considerations, and Treatment Planning.

CNS 765: Addiction Counseling (3 credits)
This course is an entry level introduction to substance abuse counseling, based on theory, research and application. Thus, it is structured to provide the student with a broad array of information drawn from theoretical formulations, research findings and practical/clinical application. The goal for this class is to facilitate your learning by introducing you to such concepts as pharmacological issues and terminology, models of addiction, theories on etiology, diagnosis and assessment, and numerous evidence-based treatment strategies.

The emphasis of the course will also be on clinical application, exploring interventions such as motivational interviewing, relapse prevention, developmental models of addiction, experiential activities, family-based interventions and 12-step self-help groups. Clinical application will be taught via small lecture, case studies, video and role play. Usually, for any given topic, conceptual and theoretical information will be presented first, followed by application via case studies, video and triadic practice. I encourage students to be actively engaged in the learning process, and participation in mutual help groups, triads, abstinence contracts, video analysis, etc. is expected.

CNS 770: Classification of Mental & Emotional Disorders (3 credits)
This course will provide students with an overview of brain structure and function, normal and abnormal personality, the DSM-5 classification and description of mental health disorders, an introduction to the ICD classification of mental health disorders, psychopharmacology, and common medical illnesses and medications/drugs that cause mental health symptoms. In addition, a framework for treatment planning will be provided along with treatment planning for common mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder and PTSD, among others.

CNS 780: Professional, Ethical & Legal Issues in Counseling (2 credits)
This course highlights pertinent topics in the law and ethics related to the practice of counseling. You will be introduced to an overview and relevant guidelines in these areas. Hopefully your study will inspire you to take an active role in developing and monitoring your competence as a counselor, and demystify some of the legal and ethical issues that can feel most intimidating to counselors. The overarching goal is to help you to be a knowledgeable, careful counselor who always protects the clients or students with whom you work. In this course you will continue to build upon and grapple with some of the issues that you have learned about regarding competent, ethical and legal practice in your previous coursework.

You will have the opportunity to examine client rights and responsibilities as well as your role and duties in that area. We will explore a variety of topics including but not limited to: professional boundaries, record-keeping and documentation, confidentiality and its limits, responding to subpoenas, malpractice and negligence, informed consent and counselor competence.

Professional Identity Capstone Course (2 credits)

School Counseling Track Foundation Courses (12 credit hours)


CNS 721: Research and Statistical Analysis in Counseling (3 credits)
This course will provide you with an overview of statistics and research in counseling. It will combine reading of the required text, journal articles and other selected publications, lectures, discussion, small group activities and student presentations to help students learn and assimilate the key statistics and research principles necessary to successfully complete the master’s in counseling program and practice as a professional clinical mental health or school counselor.

CNS 740: Professional Orientation to Counseling (3 credits)
This course is an introduction to the profession of counseling. It covers the history of counseling, as well as the roles that counselors play in today’s society. It examines counseling associations and specialization areas within counseling. Professional issues such as licensure and certification of counselors are explored, too. Public policy, advocacy and other contemporary factors that impact the present and future of counseling are looked at in context and developmentally.

While the focus of the course is on introducing the counseling profession, we know that some of you are planning on the field of human services. The ties to that field will be less explicit, but you will be able to see the progression of helping services that will readily apply to human services.

CNS 741: Theories and Models of Counseling (3 credits)
Study of theories and approaches to professional counseling: psychoanalytic (Freud, Adler, Jung), person-centered (Rogers), existential (May, Frankl), behavioral (Skinner, Glasser), cognitive/rational (Beck, Ellis), systemic, postmodern. Professional orientation, issues, ethics, cultural pluralism, research, and trends in counseling.

CNS 748: Life Span Development: Implications for Counseling (3 credits)
This course provides an examination of major theories of human development, including those from physical, psychological, cognitive, social and moral perspectives. Development is viewed across the human lifespan in each of these areas. The course is designed to encourage an integrated concept of these theoretical perspectives, which serves as a developmental framework for the counseling process.

School Counseling Track Core Courses (18 credit hours)


CNS 737: Basic Counseling Skills and Techniques (3 credits)
The overarching objective of this course is to help you develop the counseling skills necessary to create and maintain therapeutic relationships with clients. To that end, you will be provided opportunities to learn how to utilize effectively the following basic counseling skills: mirroring, non-verbal minimal encouragers, verbal minimal encouragers, invitational skills, open questions, closed questions, reflection of content (also called paraphrasing), reflection of feeling, reflection of meaning and confrontation. As you learn how and when to utilize these skills, you will enhance your ability to develop rapport with clients, listen actively, express empathy and motivate clients to make positive changes.

CNS 739: Advanced Counseling Skills and Crisis Management (3 credits)
This course focuses on expanding the development of your counseling skills (as begun in CNS 737), with a particular emphasis on the knowledge, skills and awareness needed to work effectively with clients who may be in crisis. To better assist your clients in the future, this course will also place a high priority on each student’s ability to develop a greater sense of self-awareness and introspection. As a central element of counseling and specifically crisis intervention is sitting with, holding and tolerating intense emotional experiences, this course will enhance your own ability to experience, and assist others in experiencing, a full range of human emotions.

CNS 742: Group Procedures in Counseling (3 credits)
This course is intended for students admitted to the graduate program in the Department of Counseling. It is designed to develop a basic familiarity with the theories, procedures and techniques used in the four main types of groups defined by the Association for Specialists in Group Work (ASGW): psychoeducational, task/work, counseling, and psychotherapy. It should provide the learner with an understanding of group processes and dynamics from both an experiential and a didactic perspective. Ethical guidelines for group practice will be emphasized, as well as exemplary practices for leading a group. Research on groups and multicultural considerations in groups will also be covered, along with developmental issues across the lifespan that pertain to groups.

CNS 743: Career Development and Counseling (3 credits)
The purpose of this course is to introduce students to career development theories, career counseling processes and techniques, career assessment tools, career development program planning and sources of occupational information. Emphasis is placed on empirically-based career development theories, theoretically based counseling interventions, and current issues in the world of work and vocational counseling.

CNS 747: Cultures and Counseling (3 credits)
The course examines the influence of culture in human development and in counseling relationships. The areas of awareness, knowledge, and skills in the context of racial, ethnic and cultural diversity will be explored in-depth.

CNS 773: Family Counseling (3 credits)
This is a professional counseling course that surveys the field of marriage, couple and family counseling. By completing this course, students should become knowledgeable about the history, theories and practices of marriage, couple and family counseling. Ethical, legal and other professional issues related to marriage, couple and family counseling (e.g., identification and affiliation) will be covered, too.

School Counseling Track Beginning Practice Courses (8 credit hours)


CNS 738a: School Counseling Practicum (3 credits)
The practicum is a highly individualized learning experience that provides opportunities for growth in skills, knowledge and personal development. In practicum, you will be provided the opportunity to increase understanding of yourself and your impact on others as well as augment your understanding of your setting (school or clinical/mental health). Practicum meetings will be composed of various experiences to be determined by the needs, abilities and concerns of the group members and supervisor.

Activities will be designed to facilitate growth in specific counseling skills, case conceptualization skills, self-awareness and professional identity development.

The Counseling Practicum is a second semester pre-internship experience designed to help students further develop their individual counseling and group work skills under careful supervision. The Practicum includes a minimum of 200 total hours, with at least 165 hours of field experience in a community/mental health or school setting plus at least 35 hours of individual/triadic and group supervision by university faculty. The 200 hours break down as follows:

165 hours of work in a school or community setting over a period of one semester (an average of 11-12 hours per week for 15 weeks). These hours should include the following activities:

  • A minimum of 65 hours of direct individual client contact, 10 hours of which must be group work
  • A minimum of 7 hours of supervision by the site supervisor.

35 hours of university supervision, which includes:

  • 14 hours of individual or paired supervision by a faculty member
  • 21 hours of group supervision (1 1/2 hours per week) by program faculty with other students

CNS 749: School Guidance and Counseling (3 credits)
This course is designed to introduce students to the philosophy of a comprehensive, developmental K-12 school-counseling program and to the ASCA national model for school counseling programs. Students will be expected to demonstrate the professional knowledge, skills and practices necessary to promote the academic, career and personal/social development of all K-12 students. The emphasis will be on school counseling programs as critical components of the education enterprise, the planning and management of such a program, and the skills of school counselors.

CNS 786: Consultation and Program Development in Counseling (2 credits)
This course will provide you with an overview of consultation and collaboration theory and process. Students will gain a foundation for facilitating change in human systems, as well as consultation with families, schools, colleges and community agencies. This course will utilize reading from the required textbook, journal articles and other selected publications, lectures, discussion and various activities to help students learn and apply the basics of consultation and collaboration to professional practice.

School Counseling Track Advanced Practice Courses (22 credit hours)


CNS 736: Appraisal Procedures for Counselors (3 credits)
In this course, we will study the selection, use and interpretation of tests in counseling as an adjunct to clinical impressions. More specifically, our focus will be on the appraisal, assessment and diagnosis of personality, emotional, intellectual and learning characteristics and disorders of clients in schools, colleges and community human service agencies. As part of your studies, you will gain a better understanding of psychometrics, norming practices, cultural considerations and ethical practice as these all relate to appraisal.

CNS 744a: School Counseling Internship I (3 credits)
Internship is a highly individualized learning experience that provides opportunities for growth in skills, knowledge and professional development. In internship, you will have opportunities to practice school counseling. Internship supervision meetings will be related to the needs, abilities and concerns of the group members and supervisor. Activities will be designed to facilitate growth in specific counseling skills, case conceptualization skills, application of school counseling job responsibilities, self-awareness and professional identity development.

You will take two counseling internship courses (CNS 744 and 745) that together total a minimum of 600 hours of experience in a school site and 42 hours of group supervision with your colleagues and a university supervisor. Internships are completed following the successful completion of the Counseling Practicum. Each semester’s experience includes the following:

  • 300 hours of work in a school setting over a period of one semester (an average of 21 hours per week for 14 weeks) and should include:
    • 120 hours of direct service with clients and
    • 14 hours of individual supervision by the site supervisor and
    • 21 hours of group supervision (1 ½ hours/week) by program faculty with other students
  • 321 hours minimum

Work in schools as an intern counselor and satisfactorily complete the following requirements:

  1. Complete 300 hours internship per semester (600/year) with 120 direct service clock hours each semester (24/year)
  2. Participate in all activities as requested by your site supervisor in a timely, complete manner
  3. Become familiar with and follow all state/county/school policies
  4. Maintain current professional liability insurance. Have documentation on file with the Wake counseling department.
  5. Adhere to ethical standards as outlined by the American Counseling Association and the American School Counseling Association. Read with your on-site supervisor and sign the ethical standards guidelines; submit the copy with all signatures to your program faculty.
  6. Obtain supervision from site supervisor and/or university supervisor immediately if you become aware of any information that would cause you to be concerned for anyone’s safety. Inform both supervisors without delay.

CNS 745a: School Counseling Internship II Counseling Children (3 credits)
Internship is a highly individualized learning experience that provides opportunities for growth in skills, knowledge and professional development. In internship, you will have opportunities to practice school counseling. Internship supervision meetings will be related to the needs, abilities and concerns of the group members and supervisor. Activities will be designed to facilitate growth in specific counseling skills, case conceptualization skills, application of school counseling job responsibilities, self-awareness and professional identity development.

You will take two counseling internship courses (CNS 744 and 745) that together total a minimum of 600 hours of experience in a school site and 42 hours of group supervision with your colleagues and a university supervisor. Internships are completed following the successful completion of the Counseling Practicum. Each semester’s experience includes the following:

  • 300 hours of work in a school setting over a period of one semester (an average of 21 hours per week for 14 weeks) and should include:
    • 120 hours of direct service with clients and
    • 14 hours of individual supervision by the site supervisor and
    • 21 hours of group supervision (1 ½ hours/week) by program faculty with other students
  • 321 hours minimum

Work in schools as an intern counselor and satisfactorily complete the following requirements:

  1. Complete 300 hours internship per semester (600/year) with 120 direct service clock hours each semester (24/year)
  2. Participate in all activities as requested by your site supervisor in a timely, complete manner
  3. Become familiar with and follow all state/county/school policies
  4. Maintain current professional liability insurance. Have documentation on file with the Wake counseling department.
  5. Adhere to ethical standards as outlined by the American Counseling Association and the American School Counseling Association. Read with your on-site supervisor and sign the ethical standards guidelines; submit the copy with all signatures to your program faculty.
  6. Obtain supervision from site supervisor and/or university supervisor immediately if you become aware of any information that would cause you to be concerned for anyone’s safety. Inform both supervisors without delay.

CNS 746: Counseling Children (3 credits)
This course explores theory, techniques and issues to provide specialized knowledge and skills training in counseling children and adolescents. Students will learn to assess behavior and incorporate developmentally, ethnically, legally, and gender appropriate strategies and techniques to meet the needs of counseling children and adolescents. Students will examine various theoretical, behavioral, and play therapy techniques for counseling children and adolescents.

CNS 760: Issues in School Counseling (3 credits)
This course is designed to allow students to investigate current issues related to the practice of school counseling. The emphasis will be on identifying appropriate prevention responses to these issues.

Upon completion of this course, student will have the knowledge and skills outlined in the CACREP School Counseling standards. The lettering and numbers in the tentative schedule refer to specific guidelines from CACREP.

CNS 765: Addiction Counseling (3 credits)
This course is an entry level introduction to substance abuse counseling, based on theory, research and application. Thus, it is structured to provide the student with a broad array of information drawn from theoretical formulations, research findings and practical/clinical application. The goal for this class is to facilitate your learning by introducing you to such concepts as pharmacological issues and terminology, models of addiction, theories on etiology, diagnosis and assessment, and numerous evidence-based treatment strategies.

CNS 780: Professional, Ethical & Legal Issues in Counseling (2 credits)
This course highlights pertinent topics in the law and ethics related to the practice of counseling. You will be introduced to an overview and relevant guidelines in these areas. Hopefully your study will inspire you to take an active role in developing and monitoring your competence as a counselor, and demystify some of the legal and ethical issues that can feel most intimidating to counselors. The overarching goal is to help you to be a knowledgeable, careful counselor who always protects the clients or students with whom you work. In this course you will continue to build upon and grapple with some of the issues that you have learned about regarding competent, ethical and legal practice in your previous coursework.

You will have the opportunity to examine client rights and responsibilities as well as your role and duties in that area. We will explore a variety of topics including but not limited to: professional boundaries, record-keeping and documentation, confidentiality and its limits, responding to subpoenas, malpractice and negligence, informed consent and counselor competence.

Professional Identity Capstone Course (2 credits)

Online Master’s in Human Services (MAHS) 39 credit hours


The Master of Arts in Human Services program consists of a total of 39 credit hours, encompassing 30 hours of courses in common with the Master of Arts in Counseling program, an additional 6 hours of specialized study in human services administration and programming, and 3 hours of field experience.

Online Master’s in Human Services Foundation Courses (12 credit hours)


CNS 721: Research and Statistical Analysis in Counseling (3 credits)
This course will provide you with an overview of statistics and research in counseling. It will combine reading of the required text, journal articles and other selected publications, lectures, discussion, small group activities, and student presentations to help students learn and assimilate the key statistics and research principles necessary to successfully complete the Masters in Counseling program and practice as professional clinical mental health or school counselors.

CNS 740: Professional Orientation to Counseling (3 credits)
This course is an introduction to the profession of counseling. It covers the history of counseling, as well as the roles that counselors play in today’s society. It examines counseling associations and specialization areas within counseling. Professional issues such as licensure and certification of counselors are explored, too. Public policy, advocacy and other contemporary factors that impact the present and future of counseling are looked at in context and developmentally.

While the focus of the course is on introducing the counseling profession, we know that some of you are planning on the field of human services. We want to acknowledge that the ties to that field will be less explicit, but you will be able to see the progression of helping services that will readily apply to human services.

CNS 741: Theories and Models of Counseling (3 credits)
Study of theories and approaches to professional counseling: psychoanalytic (Freud, Adler, Jung), person-centered (Rogers), existential (May, Frankl), behavioral (Skinner, Glasser), cognitive/rational (Beck, Ellis), systemic, postmodern. Professional orientation, issues, ethics, cultural pluralism, research, and trends in counseling.

CNS 748: Life Span Development: Implications for Counseling (3 credits)
This course provides an examination of major theories of human development, including those from physical, psychological, cognitive, social and moral perspectives. Development is viewed across the human lifespan in each of these areas. The course is designed to encourage an integrated concept of these theoretical perspectives, which serves as a developmental framework for the counseling process.

Online Master’s in Human Services Core Courses (18 credit hours)


CNS 737: Basic Counseling Skills and Techniques (3 credits)
The overarching objective of this course is to help you develop the counseling skills necessary to create and maintain therapeutic relationships with clients. To that end, you will be provided opportunities to learn how to utilize effectively the following basic counseling skills: mirroring, non-verbal minimal encouragers, verbal minimal encouragers, invitational skills, open questions, closed questions, reflection of content (also called paraphrasing), reflection of feeling, reflection of meaning and confrontation. As you learn how and when to utilize these skills, you will enhance your ability to develop rapport with clients, listen actively, express empathy and motivate clients to make positive changes.

CNS 739: Advanced Counseling Skills and Crisis Management (3 credits)
This course focuses on expanding the development of your counseling skills (as begun in CNS 737), with a particular emphasis on the knowledge, skills and awareness needed to work effectively with clients who may be in crisis. To better assist your clients in the future, this course will also place a high priority on each student’s ability to develop a greater sense of self-awareness and introspection. As a central element of counseling and specifically crisis intervention is sitting with, holding and tolerating intense emotional experiences, this course will enhance your own ability to experience, and assist others in experiencing, a full range of human emotions.

CNS 742: Group Procedures in Counseling (3 credits)
This course is intended for students admitted to the graduate program in the Department of Counseling. It is designed to develop a basic familiarity with the theories, procedures and techniques used in the four main types of groups defined by the Association for Specialists in Group Work (ASGW): psychoeducational, task/work, counseling, and psychotherapy. It should provide the learner with an understanding of group processes and dynamics from both an experiential and a didactic perspective. Ethical guidelines for group practice will be emphasized, as well as exemplary practices for leading a group. Research on groups and multicultural considerations in groups will also be covered, along with developmental issues across the lifespan that pertain to groups.

CNS 743: Career Development and Counseling (3 credits)
The purpose of this course is to introduce students to career development theories, career counseling processes and techniques, career assessment tools, career development program planning and sources of occupational information. Emphasis is placed on empirically based career development theories, theoretically based counseling interventions and current issues in the world of work and vocational counseling.

CNS 747: Cultures and Counseling (3 credits)
The course examines the influence of culture in human development and in counseling relationships. The areas of awareness, knowledge and skills in the context of racial, ethnic and cultural diversity will be explored in-depth.

CNS 773: Family Counseling (3 credits)
This is a professional counseling course that surveys the field of marriage, couple and family counseling. By completing this course, students should become knowledgeable about the history, theories and practices of marriage, couple and family counseling. Ethical, legal and other professional issues related to marriage, couple and family counseling (e.g., identification and affiliation) will be covered, too.

Online Master’s in Human Services Human Services Courses (9 credit hours)


CNS 752: Human Services Administration (3 credits)
This course focuses on key elements associated with managing human services delivery programs. In particular, it will cover the following topics: challenges associated with managing human services programs, environmental factors that influence human services delivery programs, theories associated with organizational management, organizational design, contract and grant negotiation, administrative supervision, financial management, information systems management and legal/regulatory issues. This course will also review content covered in CNS 753, including needs assessment, budgeting and program evaluation.

CNS 753: Human Services Program Planning and Evaluation (3 credits)
The overarching purpose of CNS 753: Human Services Program Planning and Evaluation is to help master’s level human service students develop their administrative and leadership abilities by increasing their knowledge and skills related to the design, implementation, and evaluation of human service programs. Specifically, the course will address contemporary issue in human service program planning, such as the importance of accountability and the need to consider diverse populations in all phases of program development.

The course will also cover the importance of, and best practices in, problem analysis, needs assessment, program design, program implementation, program evaluation, and budgeting. Along with learning about program planning models and conceptual theories, students will have opportunities to apply their knowledge of program planning by identifying and describing a current social problem related to human services, developing a needs assessment to better understand the social problem, and proposing a program to address the identified social problem that includes a plan for monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of the program.

CNS 754: Human Services Field Experience (3 credits)
During this 14-week course, you will volunteer at a human services site in your area for a minimum of 350 hours. Specifically, you will be required to spend 329 hours of supervised experience at an approved site. This experience should include a minimum of 14 hours of supervision by the site mentor and 21 hours of group supervision by your course instructor. This brings the field experience total requirement to 350 hours. The 329 hours of supervised experience on site will equate to an average of 23.5 hours of service per week for 14 weeks.

The meeting with your university instructors and group members (if applicable) will be synchronous and, thus, scheduled for a set time each week. Please do your best to be flexible with your schedule as you, your instructor and other group members (if applicable) try to find a time that works for each of you. During that meeting, students will have informal opportunities to share experiences at their site and give and receive feedback related to issues that arise.

Students also will have opportunities to more formally present information and share experiences at their site through case presentations. Students are expected to prepare for and do two formal case presentations during the semester. As is the case in most things, the more you put into this experience, the more you will likely gain from it.

Please work diligently with your site mentor to seek out experiences that will help you acquire and further develop the knowledge, awareness and skills necessary to be effective in the human services career path that you choose.